北京空间科技信息研究所空间瞭望智库对外发布了《中国航天科技活动蓝皮书(2019年)》(以下简称《蓝皮书》)。它从世界航天发展态势、中国航天发射活动、中国航天科技创新、中国航天应用服务、中国航天国际合作、中国商业航天进展等6个篇章对航天科技活动进行全面回顾。谢露莹 摄

新闻发布会现场。谢露莹 摄

ZHONGGUOWANG1YUE17RIXUN(JIZHE XIELUYING)JINTIANXIAWU,《ZHONGGUOHANGTIANKEJIHUODONGLANPISHU(2019NIAN)》(YIXIAJIANCHENG《LANPISHU》)XINWENFABUHUIZAIJINGJUXING。

记者从发布会上获悉,今年的中国航天发射任务依然保持“高强度、高密度”趋势,发射次数将有望突破40次,达到历史新高。

2019NIAN,ZHONGGUOHANGTIANZAI“102JIAN、492GEHANGTIANQI”DESHIJIEHANGTIANFASHE“BANTU”ZHONG,YIQUANNIANFASHEYUNZAIHUOJIAN34CIDECHENGJIZAICIZHANJU“BANGSHOU”。JINRU2020NIAN,ZHONGGUOHANGTIANHAIJIANGJINXINGSHOUCIHUOXINGTANCE,CHANGEWUHAOYUEMIANCAIYANGFANHUI,ZHANGZHENGWUHAOB、ZHANGZHENGQIHAOJIA、ZHANGZHENGBAHAOYUNZAIHUOJIANSHOUFEIDENGZHONGDARENWU。

中国航天发射连续两年位居世界第一

2019NIAN,SHIJIEGEGUOGAODUZHONGSHIHANGTIANZHANLVEDIWEI,FENFENTUIJINXIANGGUANZHANLVEBUSHU,SHIJIEHANGTIANFASHEHUODONGBAOCHIGAODUHUOYUE。

JU《LANPISHU》TONGJI,2019NIAN,QUANQIUGONGSHISHI102CIFASHERENWU,JU1991NIANYILAIDIERGAOWEI;FASHEHANGTIANQIGONGJI492GE,CHUANGXIALISHIXINGAO。QIZHONG,ZHONGGUOGONGWANCHENG34CIHANGTIANFASHE,LIANXULIANGNIANWEIJUSHIJIEDIYI。

ZUOWEIZHONGGUOHANGTIANKEJIGONGYEDEZHUDAOLILIANG,ZHONGGUOHANGTIANKEJIJITUAN2019NIANGONGSHISHIFASHE27CI,QIZHONGBAOKUOZHANGZHENGWUHAOYAOSANYUNZAIHUOJIANCHENGGONGFASHE、ZHANGZHENGSHIYIHAOYUNZAIHUOJIANSHOUCIHAISHANGFASHEDENG;YANZHIFASHEDEHANGTIANQIZHILIANGZHANZHONGGUOYANZHIFASHEHANGTIANQIZONGZHILIANGDE91.7%,ZAIYUHANGQIYEYANZHIFASHEHUOJIANCISHUHEHANGTIANQIZONGDUNWEILIANGGEBANGDANSHIXIAN“SHUANGBANG”DIYI。

SHUJUHAIXIANSHI,JIEZHI2019NIANDI,YOUZHONGGUOHANGTIANKEJIJITUANYANZHIDEZHANGZHENGXILIEYUNZAIHUOJIANLEIJIKAIZHAN323CIFASHERENWU,CHENGGONGJIANGCHAOGUO500GEHANGTIANQISONGRUYUDINGGUIDAO,FASHEHANGTIANQISHULIANGZHANZHONGGUOFASHEZONGSHULIANGDE93.1%,FASHEHANGTIANQIZHILIANGZHANZHONGGUOFASHEZONGZHILIANGDE98.7%。

北斗、探月、高分工程取得重大进展

《蓝皮书》指出,2019年,中国航天重大工程和专项稳步推进。年初,以嫦娥四号探测器成功实现人类探测器首次月球背面软着陆和巡视勘察“开幕”。年末,以长征五号火箭成功发射东方红五号卫星平台首飞试验星“收官”。一系列标志性工程突破、里程碑科技创新有力地增强了中国科技实力和综合国力。

《蓝皮书》提到,我国成功发射10颗北斗导航卫星,北斗三号系统核心星座部署完成;成功发射3颗高分卫星,高分辨率对地观测系统重大专项稳步推进。在载人航天方面,在轨飞行超过1000天的天宫二号空间实验室受控离轨;空间站系统核心舱转入正样研制。在深空探测方面,嫦娥四号取得重要科学成果,嫦娥六号、七号、八号计划对外公布;成功开展首次火星探测任务着陆器悬停避障试验,为我国首次火星探测奠定重要基础。在航天运输系统方面,我国目前运载能力最大的新一代运载火箭长征五号成功实施第三次发射;长征十一号成功进行我国首次海上发射技术试验。还有,基于栅格舵系统的一子级落区控制技术、重型运载火箭发动机关键技术等也都取得了突破。

ZHONGDAHANGTIANGONGCHENGRENWUPENGBOFAZHAN,MINYONGSHANGYEHANGTIANMAIXIANGSHIJIEWUTAI。《LANPISHU》XIANSHI,2019NIAN,WOGUOYANZHIFASHELECHAOGUO40KESHANGYEWEIXING,ZHUYAOSHI100QIANKEYIXIADEWEINAWEIXING,FUGAITONGXIN、YAOGAN、JISHUSHIYANDENGDUOGELINGYU。WEIXINGZHIZAOZHUTISHULIANGKUAISUZENGZHANG,CHENGXIANTIDUIHUA、DUOYUANHUAFAZHANQUSHI。

“超级2020”计划任务呈现“重、高、新”

2020NIANSHI“SHISANWU”DESHOUGUANZHINIAN,YESHIQUANMIANQIDONGHANGTIANQIANGGUOJIANSHEDEGUANJIANZHINIAN。ZAIFABUHUISHANG,ZHONGGUOHANGTIANKEJIJITUANYUHANGBUBUZHANGSHANGZHIJIESHAO:“2020NIANYUHANGFASHERENWUYIRANBAOCHIGAOQIANGMIDUQUSHI,QUANNIANRENWUZHONG、FASHEMIDUGAO。TEBIESHI,ZHANGZHENGWUHAOXILIEYUNZAIHUOJIANGONGANPAILE3CIFASHE,FENBIESHIXINYIDAIZAIRENFEICHUANSHIYANCHUAN、HUOXINGTANCEQIHECHANGEWUHAOTANCEQI。”

英超外围下注TARENWEI,“ZHONG”ZHUYAOTIXIANWEIBEIDOUDAOHANG、TANYUESANQI、GAOFENZHUANXIANGSANGEGUOJIAZHONGDAGONGCHENGJIANGWANCHENGSHOUGUAN。2020NIANSHANGBANNIAN,BEIDOUWEIXINGDAOHANGGONGCHENGJIANGFASHE2KEGEOWEIXING,WANCHENGZHENGGEBEIDOUSANHAOXITONGDEZUWANGJIANSHE。LINGWAI,CHANGEWUHAOTANCEQIFASHEJIHUATISHANGRICHENG,JIANGSHIXIANWOGUOSHOUCIYUEQIUCAIYANGFANHUI,BINGZEJISHISHIWOGUOSHOUCIHUOXINGTANCERENWU。

“GAO”ZHUYAOTIXIANZAIFASHEMIDUSHANG。2020NIANZHONGGUOHANGTIANKEJIJITUANYUHANGFASHEYOUWANGTUPO40CI,FASHE60YUKEHANGTIANQI,ZAICHUANGLISHIXINGAO。

英超外围下注HANGTIANRENWU“XIN”DETEDIANZHUYAOSHI,ZHANGZHENGWUHAOB、ZHANGZHENGQIHAOJIA、ZHANGZHENGBAHAOSANXINGXINYIDAIYUNZAIHUOJIANJIANGZAI2020NIANSHIXIANSHOUFEI。ZHANGZHENGWUHAOBSHIWOGUOXIANYOUDIGUIYUNZAINENGLIZUIDADEYUNZAIHUOJIAN,QISHOUFEIJIANGKAIQIWOGUOZAIRENHANGTIANKONGJIANZHANRENWUJIEDUANDEXUMU;ZHANGZHENGQIHAOJIAZUOWEIWOGUODIYIXINGXINYIDAIZHONGXINGGAOGUIHUOJIAN,DUIGAOGUIWEIXINGFASHEZHANLVEBUJUJUYOUZHONGYAOYIYI;ZHANGZHENGBAHAOSHOUFEIJIANGTIANBUWOGUOTAIYANGTONGBUGUIDAOYUNZAINENGLIDEZHONGYAOKONGBAI,CHENGWEIYUHANGFASHEHESHANGYEHANGTIANSHICHANGDEZHULIJUN。

英超外围下注JUXI,2020NIANZHONGGUOHANGTIANKEJIJITUANHAIJIANGFASHEHAIYANGXILIE、ZIYUANSANHAODENGDUOKEMINYONGKONGJIANJICHUSHESHIYEWUWEIXING,MANZUGUOMINJINGJIJIANSHEHEKEJIFAZHANXUQIU;FASHEYATAI6D、YINNIPALAPA-N1、JILINYIHAO、QILUYIHAODENGWEIXING,SHISHIJIELONGYIHAO、ZHANGZHENGLIUHAO、ZHANGZHENGSHIYIHAODENGYUNZAIHUOJIANSHANGYEFASHE,MANZUGUONEIWAISHANGYEWEIXINGDEYINGYONGHEFASHEXUQIU。